Licenses required to start an e-waste management business in India

Starting an e-waste management business in India requires several licenses and permits to ensure compliance with environmental regulations and to operate legally. The specific licenses and allows you need may vary depending on the state or union territory in which you plan to operate, so it's essential to consult with local authorities and intend legal advice to guarantee you meet all the requirements. However, here are some common licenses and permits you may need to start an e-waste management business in India.

Environmental Clearance

You may need to obtain environmental clearance from the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) or the MoEF&CC (Ministry of Environment, Forest, & Climate Change), depending on the scale of your operations. This clearance ensures that your business complies with environmental regulations and poses no significant environmental harm.

Consent to Establish and Operate

You must obtain consent to establish (CTE) and consent to operate (CTO) from the State Pollution Control Board These permits ensure that your e-waste management facility complies with environmental norms and standards.

Authorisation under E-waste Management Rules

In India, the management and handling of e-waste are governed by the E-waste (Management) Rules, 2016 and the amendments made. As per the latest EWM Rules, 2022, you must obtain authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board to handle e-waste legally.

Pollution Control License

Depending on the size and nature of your e-waste management business, you may need to obtain a pollution control license from the relevant pollution control authority.

Import/Export License

If you plan to import or export e-waste you'll need licenses from the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) and the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

Waste Generator Registration

If your business generates e-waste, register as a waste generator with the respective State Pollution Control Board.

Hazardous Waste Handling License

E-waste is classified as hazardous waste, so you may need a separate license for handling and transporting hazardous waste.

Transportation Permit

If you transport e-waste, you may require a transportation permit to ensure safe and environmentally compliant movement.

Authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board

You'll need authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board to collect, segregate, and store e-waste.

Business Registration

Depending on your preference, you must register your e-waste management business as a legal entity, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, private limited company, or LLP.

GST Registration

Register for Goods & Services Tax (GST) if your annual turnover exceeds the threshold limit set by the government.

Compliance with EPR Obligations

If you are a producer or manufacturer of electrical and electronic equipment, you must fulfil Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) obligations, which may involve registering with the relevant authorities.

Local Municipal Permits

Depending on the location of your facility, you may need permits and licenses from the local municipal corporation or panchayat.

Fire Safety and Building Permits

Ensure your facility complies with fire safety regulations and obtain necessary building permits.

Occupational Safety and Health Compliance

Ensure compliance with occupational safety & health regulations and obtain required permits or certifications.


Consider obtaining liability insurance to cover any potential environmental or health risks associated with your e-waste management operations. Remember that this list is not exhaustive, and the requirements vary from state to state. It's crucial to consult with legal experts and local authorities to understand the specific licensing and permit requirements for your e-waste management business in your area. Additionally, staying updated with changing regulations is essential to ensure ongoing compliance.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!

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