How Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) can lead to job creation and improved working conditions in the plastic recycling and waste management sector in India?

Obtaining a Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities (LMPC) Certificate in India requires strict compliance with the regulations and rules framed by the Department of Consumer Affairs, Government of India. The Legal Metrology Act, 2009, and the Legal Metrology 2011, provide the framework for these requirements. The certificate ensures that packaged goods meet specific standards to protect consumers from unfair trade practices and ensure the accuracy of information on labels. This blog outlines the packaging and labelling requirements for obtaining the Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities Certificate in India.

1. Compliance with the Legal Metrology Act, 2009 and Rules:

To obtain an LMPC Certificate, businesses must comply with the Legal Metrology Act, 2009, and the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011. These laws govern the packaging and labelling of various commodities and specify the requirements for obtaining the certificate.

2. Registration of Business:

Before applying for the Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities Certificate, your business should be registered under the appropriate government authority. Depending on the nature of your business, this could be the Shops and Establishment Act or other relevant state and central government registration requirements.

3. Selection of Appropriate Schedule:

Under the Legal Metrology Rules, packaged commodities are categorised into different schedules, each with specific labelling and packaging requirements. Before applying for the certificate, it's essential to determine which schedule applies to your product. The schedules include Schedule I (weight-based commodities), Schedule II (capacity-based commodities), Schedule III (length-based commodities), and Schedule IV (area-based commodities).

4. Standardisation and Verification:

To ensure that your packaging complies with the law, the Legal Metrology Department must standardise and verify all weighing and measuring equipment used for packing. This typically involves getting your weighing scales, volumetric measures, or other measuring devices tested and certified by authorised agencies.

5. Package Dimensions and Tolerances:

Your packaging must meet the specified dimensions and tolerances defined under the relevant schedule. For instance, if you're dealing with Schedule I (weight-based commodities), you need to ensure that the net quantity declared on the label is within the permissible tolerances specified in the rules.

6. Labelling Requirements:

Labeling is a crucial aspect of obtaining the Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities (LMPC) Certificate. The label on the package should contain the following information:

  • a. Name and Address: The name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or importer should be mentioned.
  • b. Generic Name: The generic or common name of the commodity should be displayed.
  • c. Net Quantity: The net quantity of the product should be declared in standard units of weight or volume.
  • d. Maximum Retail Price (MRP): The MRP of the commodity should be mentioned.
  • e. Date of Manufacture and Expiry: The date of manufacture, and for products with a shelf life, the expiry date should be provided.
  • f. Customer Care Information: Contact details for customer grievances, such as a toll-free number or email address, should be included.
  • g. Country of Origin: The country of origin should be clearly mentioned if the product is imported.

Font and Size:

The text on the label should be easily readable, and the font size should comply with the prescribed standards to ensure that consumers can readily understand the information.

8. Language and Visibility:

Information on the label should be in the official language(s) of the state where the product is sold. It must be legible, prominent, and not misleading in any way.

9. Packaging Material:

Packaging material should be appropriate for the commodity and meet the standards set out in the regulations. It should also protect the product from damage and contamination.

10. Use of Weights and Measures:

The quantities mentioned on the label should be determined using legal metrology-verified weights and measures to ensure accuracy.

11. Declaration of Declaration:

In cases where specific declarations are required for certain products, such as the percentage of alcohol in alcoholic beverages, it is essential to provide accurate information.

12. Prohibition of Certain Practices:

You must not use deceptive practices like using false weights, measures, or packaging material or charging consumers more than the MRP.

13. Label Inspection and Testing:

Before applying for the Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities (LMPC) Certificate, it is advisable to conduct thorough inspections and tests of the labels to ensure compliance with the rules and regulations.

14. Application Process:

Once you have ensured that your packaging and labelling meet the required standards, you can initiate the Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities Certificate application process. The process typically involves submiting an application form, offering the necessary documentation, and paying the requisite fees.

15. Approval and Inspection:

After submitting your application, the Legal Metrology Department will inspect your premises, packaging, and labelling to verify compliance. They may also check the verification and calibration certificates of your weighing and measuring instruments.

16. Certificate Issuance:

If the inspection is successful and your packaging and labelling meet the required standards, you will be issued the LMPC Certificate. This certificate is generally valid for a specific period and must be renewed before expiration.

17. Record Keeping:

It is crucial to maintain records related to your packaging and labelling practices, including information about weights and measures, packaging materials, and labelling proofs. These records should be available for inspection by legal metrology officials.

18. Periodic Renewal:

The Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities Certificate has a limited validity period, and it needs to be renewed as per the applicable regulations. You must ensure that your packaging and labelling continue to comply with the standards during the certificate's validity.

19. Consequences of Non-Compliance:

Failure to comply with legal metrology requirements can result in penalties, fines, and even legal actions. Non-compliance can damage your business's reputation and lead to financial losses.

20. Consumer Awareness:

Educating your consumers about their rights and the importance of checking labels and MRP is essential. Consumers are encouraged to report any violations to the concerned authorities.


In conclusion, obtaining the Legal Metrology Packaging Commodities (LMPC) Certificate in India requires a thorough understanding of the legal metrology regulations and strict compliance with packaging and labelling requirements. Businesses must adhere to these standards to protect consumer interests and ensure fair trade practices. Violating these rules can have legal and financial repercussions, making it imperative for businesses to invest in accurate and compliant packaging and labelling practices.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!

Have any questions?

+91 73050 48930

Looking for a complete Environmental Licensing and compliance solution.