Government Initiatives and Policies Related to Waste Tyre Import in India

Waste tire disposal is a global environmental challenge, and India is no exception to this problem. The improper disposal of waste tires poses environmental threats and health and safety risks. In response to this growing concern, the Indian government has launched several initiatives and policies to regulate waste tire import and manage their disposal effectively. This blog explores the various government initiatives and policies related to waste tire import in India.

National Policy on Recycling of Waste

The Government of India introduced the National Policy on Recycling Waste in 2007. This policy promotes recycling and resource recovery from waste, including waste tires. It emphasises the need to establish efficient recycling mechanisms and reduce waste generation. Under this policy, waste tire import is regulated to ensure that they are managed environmentally sustainably.

Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management & Transboundary Movement) or HOWM Rules, 2016

The Hazardous & Other Wastes (Management & Transboundary Movement) or HOWM Rules, 2016, issued under the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA), 1986, play a crucial role in regulating the import and management of waste tires. These rules categorise waste tires as hazardous waste and set strict guidelines for their import, storage, transportation, and disposal. Importers must obtain authorisation from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to import waste tires.

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

The concept of EPR or Extended Producer Responsibility is gaining momentum in India's waste management landscape. It places the onus on tire importers and manufacturers to take responsibility for the complete life cycle of their products, including their disposal. EPR for waste tyres has been defined in the HOWM Rules, 2022.

Manufacturers and importers are required to establish collection and recycling mechanisms for waste tires as part of their EPR obligations.

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Certification

To gurantee the quality and safety of imported tires, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has established specific standards and regulations for tire imports. Importers are required to obtain BIS certification for their products, ensuring that the tires meet the prescribed quality and safety standards.

Recycling and Disposal of Waste Tires

The Indian government has encouraged the establishment of recycling facilities for waste tires. These facilities are equipped to process waste tires into valuable materials like rubber granules, crumb rubber, and other products. The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change or MoEF&CC provides guidelines and support for establishing and operating such facilities.

Environment Clearance for Pyrolysis Plants

Pyrolysis is a technology that can convert waste tires into valuable products like pyrolysis oil, carbon black, and steel. To set up a pyrolysis plant for waste tire recycling, entrepreneurs must obtain environmental clearance from the MoEF&CC. This clearance ensures that the plant adheres to environmental norms and standards.

Import Restrictions and Bans

In the past, India has imposed temporary bans on importing waste tires from certain countries due to concerns about their environmental impact. These bans serve as a regulatory measure to control the inflow of waste tires into the country and to encourage domestic recycling and disposal solutions.

Waste to Wealth Programs

The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change launched the "Waste to Wealth" program to promote innovative waste management practices, including waste tire recycling. This program encourages research and development in the field of waste tire utilisation and supports initiatives that convert waste tires into valuable products.

Financial Incentives and Subsidies

The government offers financial incentives and subsidies to promote the recycling of waste tires. Entrepreneurs and businesses engaged in tire recycling can avail of these incentives to establish and operate recycling facilities, thereby reducing the environmental impact of waste tires.

Research and Development Initiatives

To find sustainable solutions for waste tire management, the Indian government supports research and development initiatives. This includes funding research projects to find innovative ways to recycle and utilise waste tires, such as developing eco-friendly construction materials and alternative energy sources.

Challenges and Future Directions

While the Indian government has taken significant steps to regulate waste tire import and promote recycling, several challenges remain:

Enforcement of Regulations

Ensuring strict enforcement of waste tire import and management regulations is a challenge. There is a need for effective monitoring and penalties for non-compliance.

Lack of Recycling Infrastructure

India needs more recycling facilities and technology to process the growing volume of waste tires efficiently. Investment in infrastructure is crucial.

Informal Sector Involvement

A significant portion of waste tire handling in India is done by the informal sector, which often employs unsafe and environmentally harmful methods. Integrating the informal sector into formal recycling processes is essential.

Awareness and Education

Public awareness and education campaigns are necessary to encourage responsible tire disposal and promote recycling.

Research and Innovation

Continued research and innovation are essential to find new, sustainable uses for waste tires and improve recycling processes.


The Government of India (GoI) has made commendable efforts to regulate waste tire import and promote responsible waste management practices. The introduction of policies, regulations, and initiatives related to waste tire recycling reflects the commitment to environmental sustainability and resource conservation. However, addressing the challenges and ensuring the effective implementation of these measures will be crucial for the long-term success of waste tire management in India. Collaborative efforts from government agencies, industry stakeholders, and the public are necessary to achieve the goal of a cleaner and more sustainable environment.

Diksha Khiatani

A writer by day and a reader at night. Emerging from an Engineering background, Diksha has completed her M. Tech in Computer Science field. Being passionate about writing, she started her career as a Writer. She finds it interesting and always grabs time to research and write about Environmental laws and compliances. With extensive knowledge on content writing, she has been delivering high-quality write-ups. Besides, you will often find her with a novel and a cuppa!

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